MAINSTREAMING DISABILITAS DALAM SISTEM MANAJEMEN BENCANA INKLUSIF DI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA

ANALYSIS OF AGIL FUNCTION IN DIFABEL SIAGA BENCANA (DIFAGANA)

  • Aulia Widya Sakina Sekolah Tinggi Pembangunan Masyarakat Desa "APMD" Yogyakarta
  • Raden Yoseph Gembong Rahmadi Sekolah Tinggi Pembangunan Masyarakat Desa "APMD" Yogyakarta
  • Widati Widati Sekolah Tinggi Pembangunan Desa "APMD" Yogyakarta
Keywords: Inclusive disaster management system, Difagana, AGIL

Abstract

People with disabilities are a high-risk group who tend not to be "visible" during a disaster. Moreover, being involved in emergency preparedness and response efforts. This is due to their limitations in accessing the physical environment, information and communication, knowledge, and limited skills and abilities. They tend to be perceived as a burden and are often ignored by the system. Based on these problems, disability mainstreaming in inclusive disaster management must be realized so that the entire system can be balanced and can work well. Especially now that the global world is facing the COVID-19 pandemic which demands the readiness of all levels of society, especially people with disabilities, to mitigate and anticipate the risk of pandemic disasters according to their respective roles. The aim of this research is to enrich the discourse of inclusion of disabilities in disaster risk management, which is still very limited, so that it can be used as a basis in formulating a model for empowering persons with disabilities in an inclusive disaster management system. This research uses descriptive qualitative method. Primary data in this study were events related to the integration of the AGIL function in the Difagana group which were collected through observation, interviews and focus group discussions, both face-to-face and via online (whatsapp and zoom). Meanwhile, secondary data is based on literature related to disabilities and disasters. The results showed connectivity between the adaptation function, goal attainment, integration, and system maintenance (AGIL) in the Difagana group in situations of natural disasters and non-natural disasters.

References

BAPPEDA DIY. (2017). Data Penyandang Masalah Kesejahteraan Sosial dan Sarana Kesejahteraan Sosial Provinsi DIY Tahun 2017.
Bogdan, Robert dan Steven J Taylor. (1992). Pengantar Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Surabaya: Usaha Nasional.
Dinas Sosial Provinsi DIY. (2019). Pengukuhan DIFAGANA. Diunduh dari http://dinsos.jogjaprov.go.id/?p=5365, diakses pada tanggal 20 Agustus 2019.
Harahap, Rahayu Reoindowaty dan Bustanuddin. (2015). Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Penyandang Disabilitas Menurut Convention On The Rights of Person With Disabilities (CRPD). Jurnal Inovatif. Volume 8, Nomor 1, Halaman 17-29.
Matsuda, Y. and N, Okada. (2006). Community Diagnosis for Suitainable Disaster Preparedness. Journal of Natural Disaster Science. Volume 28, Nomor 1.
Megawangi, Ratna. (1999). Membiarkan Berbeda? Sudut Pandang Baru Tentang Relasi Gender. Bandung: Mizan.
Moleong, Lexy. (2010). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya.
Mubarrak, Dzakiyul, Nazli, Taqwaddin Husin. (2017). Kesiapsiagaan Tunanetra terhadap Bencana Gempabumi dan Tsunami (Penelitian di UPTD Rumoh Seujahtera Beujroh Meukarya Aceh Besar). Jurnal Ilmu Kebencanaan (JIKA), Volume 4, Nomor. 2.
Muhammadun, A.S. (2011). Difabel dan Konstruksi Ketidakadilan Sosial. Diunduh dari http://www.budisansblog.blogspot.com/2011/12/difabel-dan konstruksiketidakadilan.html, diakses pada tanggal 15 Agustus 2020.
Mukhtar dan Widodo E. (2000). Konstruksi ke Arah Penelitian Deskriptif. Yogyakarta: Avyrouz.
Njelesani, J., Cleaver, S., Tataryn, M., dan Nixon, S. (2012). Using a Human Rights-Based Approach to Disability in Disaster Management Initiatives.
Nursyamsi, Fajri, dkk. (2015). Menuju Indonesia Ramah Disabilitas: Kerangka Hukum Disabilitas di Indonesia. Jakarta: PSHK.
Peraturan Daerah Provinsi D.I.Yogyakarta Nomor 4 Tahun 2012 tentang Perlindungan dan Pemenuhan Hak Penyandang Disabilitas
Peter Coloridge. (2007). Pembebasan dan Pembangunan Perjuangan Penyandang Cacat di Negara-negara Berkembang. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Poloma, Margareth. (1994). Teori Sosiologi Kontemporer. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.
Probosiwi, R. (2013). Keterlibatan Penyandang Disabilitas Dalam Penanggulangan Bencana. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pelayanan Kesejahteraan Sosial (B2P3KS) Yogyakarta, Kementerian Sosial RI.
Probosiwi, Ratih. (2013). Keterlibatan Penyandang Disabilitas dalam Penanggulangan Bencana (Persons with Disabilities Involvement on Disaster Prevention). Jurnal Penanggulangan Bencana, Volume 4, Nomor 2, November 2013, Halaman 13-22.
Sakina, Aulia Widya, dkk. (2020). Manifestasi Program Kesejahteraan Sosial Anak (PKSA) Dalam Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Sosial Anak Jalanan di Rumah Singgah Anak Mandiri (RSAM) Yogyakarta. Jurnal Academia Praja, Volume 3 Nomor 1, Halaman 1-22.
Schranz, B., Ulmasova, I., dan Silcock, N. (2009). Mainstreaming Disability Into Disaster Risk Reduction: A Training.
Setyaningsih, Rima dan Th. A. Gutama. (2016). Pengembangan Kemandirian Bagi Kaum Difabel (Studi Kasus pada Peran Paguyuban Sehati dalam Upaya Pengembangan Kemandirian bagi Kaum Difabel di Kabupaten Sukoharjo). Jurnal Sosiologi DILEMA, Volume 31, Nomor 1.
Sholehah, Iffatus. (2017). Pemberdayaan Difabel Melalui Asset Based Approach: Studi Kasus di Dusun Piring Desa Srihardono Kecamatan Pundong Kabupaten Bantul Oleh Rehabilitasi Terpadu Penyandang Disabilitas (RTPD). Jurnal Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, Volume 1, Nomor 1, Halaman 183-205.
Sugiyono. (2010). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif dan R&D. Bandung: Alpabeta.
Trimaya, Arrista. (2016). Upaya Mewujudkan Penghormatan, Pelindungan, dan Pemenuhan Hak Penyandang Disabilitas Melalui Undang-Undang Nomor 8 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penyandang Disabilitas. Jurnal Legislasi Indonesia, Volume 13, Nomor. 04, Desember 2016, Halaman 401-410.
Undang-undang No. 8 Tahun 2016 Tentang Penyandang Disabilitas.
Undang-undang Nomor 19 Tahun 2011 tentang Pengesahan Konvensi Hak-hak Penyandang Disabilitas
Undang-undang Nomor 8 Tahun 2016 tentang Penyandang Disabilitas
Wardyaningrum, Damayanti. (2016). Modal Sosial Inklusif dalam Jaringan Komunikasi Bencana. Jurnal ASPIKOM, Volume 3, Nomor 1, Juli 2016, Halaman 33-55.
WHO. Disabilities. Diunduh dari http://www.who.int/disabilities/en/, diakses pada tanggal 20 Desember 2018.
Published
2021-02-07
How to Cite
Sakina, A. W., Gembong Rahmadi, R. Y., & Widati, W. (2021). MAINSTREAMING DISABILITAS DALAM SISTEM MANAJEMEN BENCANA INKLUSIF DI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA. Jurnal Academia Praja, 4(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.36859/jap.v4i1.291